The above regulations state that “The walls, floors, doors, windows, ceiling, woodwork and all other parts of the structure of every food room shall be kept clean and shall be kept in such good order, repair and condition as to prevent, so far as reasonably practicable the entry of birds, and any risk of infestation by rats, mice, insects or other pests”.
Section 21 provides the defence of “due diligence” in any proceedings for an offence if the person charged is able to prove that all reasonable precautions were taken and due diligence exercised to avoid the offence being committed. Actions taken to prevent or control pests by engaging the services of local authority or commercial pest control services may be put forward as part of a due diligence defence.
It is recommended that any establishment that stores, prepares, holds, cooks or serves food for human consumption, including packaged confectionery, engage the services of a pest control company.
Chapter 1 section 2 c of the above regulations (Legal requirements) states that “Food businesses must take all reasonable precautions to prevent food pests, namely rats, mice, cockroaches, and flying insects gaining entry into food storage and preparation areas”. This is to prevent the contamination of foodstuffs.
Chapter 11 section 1 d of the above regulations (Legal requirement) states that “Windows and other openings which can be opened to the outside environment must where necessary be fitted with insect proof screens”.
It goes on to say that windows must be screened if:
They open directly into food preparation areas.
They are opened for ventilation during food preparation.
Screening is necessary to prevent a risk of infestation and / or contamination.
FURTHER LEGISLATION RELATING TO PEST CONTROL:
The Environmental Protection Act 1990
Prevention of Damage by Pests Act 1949
The Protection of Animals Act 1911
Protection of Animals (Amendment) Act 1927
The Destructive Imported Animals Act 1932
Public Health Act 1936
Public Health Act 1961
The Prevention of Damage by Rabbits Act 1939
Agriculture Act 1947
Control of Pollution Act 1974
Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
The Poisons Act 1972
The Local Government Act 1972
Pests Act 1954
The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulation 1988
Control of Pesticides Regulations 1986
The Wildlife and Countryside (Amendment) Act 1985
Animal Health Act 1981
Health Services and Public Health Act 1968 and the Public Health (Infectious Diseases) Regulations 1968
Dangerous Wild Animals Act 1976 and the dangerous Wild Animals Act 1976 (Modification) Order 1984